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WEB Dendrite morphology and growth in solidifying aluminum alloys using X-ray tomoscopy

Wednesday (01.01.2020)
00:15 - 00:30
Part of:

Understanding solidification phenomena is crucial to be able to control the microstructure in many industrial casting processes. In-situ techniques such as X-ray radioscopy on thin samples or tomography of the bulk metal have become powerful tools to investigate solidification processes in real time. X-ray radioscopy is fast enough to resolve the formation of different phases in a wide range of cooling rates, but limited to thin (100400 µm) 2D samples. However, 3D tomography has been so far limited by the temporal resolution to very slow cooling rates in the range of 0.1 K/s. [1,2]

Therefore, to capture phenomena during solidification at realistic cooling rates, i.e. similar to those in industrial processing, we employed the newly developed tool for time-resolved, synchrotron tomography, called tomoscopy, to study in-situ the solidification in Al-based alloys. A new setup at the TOMCAT beamline at SLS allows us to investigate the microstructural evolution of the dendrite structure during solidification at high cooling rates, up to 5 K/s, with more than 50 tomographies per second. [3]

Tomoscopy can provide a large number of quantitative results. This enables a three dimensional quantification of the evolving dendrite morphology and measurements of dendritic-tip growth velocities of columnar and equiaxed growing grains under aspects like convection and solute segregation. In addition, nucleation and growth of individual pores and the formation of interdendritic shrinkage, due to entrapped liquid is investigated to evaluate the effect of those defects on the final casting microstructure.

[1] T. Nelson, B. Cai, N. Warnken, P.D. Lee, et al. Gravity effect on thermal-solutal convection during solidification revealed by four-dimensional synchrotron imaging with compositional mapping. Scripta Materialia, Volume 180, 2020, Pages 29-33

[2] H. Nguyen-Thi, L. Salvo, R.H. Mathiesen, L. Arnberg, B. Billia, M. Suery, et al. On the interest of synchrotron X-ray imaging for the study of solidification in metallic alloys. CR Phys, Volume 13, 2012, Pages 237-45

[3] F. García-Moreno, P.H. Kamm, T.R. Neu, et al. Using X-ray tomoscopy to explore the dynamics of foaming metal. Nat Commun, Volume 10, 2019

Dr. Francisco Garcia-Moreno
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie
Additional Authors:
  • Dr. Mareike Wegener
    Technische Universität Berlin
  • Dr. Paul Hans Kamm
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie
  • Dr. Tillmann Robert Neu
    Technische Universität Berlin
  • Nadine von der Eltz
    Technische Universität Berlin
  • Dr. Christian Matthias Schlepütz
    Paul Scherrer Institute
  • Prof. Dr. John Banhart
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie


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